Most people have sprained ankles once in their lives. Maybe you climb stairs and have your legs twisted or you get injured while playing sports.
When the ankle is pushed into the wrong position and turned in the opposite direction with the foot, the ligaments will relax, even break. This condition can cause pain and swelling. Fortunately, mild sprain can be easily treated athome with proper care. Start by applying ice and putting your ankle high on asoft pillow or chair, then you can consider the next treatment options.
1. Determine the severity of the sprain
The sprain has 3 levels.
-Level 1: Ligaments are slightly damaged, causing minor pain and swelling.
– Level 2: part of the ligament is severely broken, sore and swollen.
– Level 3: completely torn ligaments, pain and swelling much around the ankle.
Grade 1 sprains usually do not require medical attention. However, almost all level 3 sprains must see a doctor to make sure there is no further damage to the ankle.Home treatment for all three sprains is the same, but the more severe the level, the longer the recovery period.
2. See your doctor if you have moderate or severe sprains
Level 1 sprain may not need medical attention, but levels 2 and 3 need to be checked by a doctor. If you feel it is not easy to put gravity on your ankle for more than a day, or if you have severe swelling and pain, call your doctor to make an appointment as soon as possible.
3. Allow the ankle to rest until the swelling subsides
Avoid walking around your legs to reduce swelling and not hurt when placing gravity on the sprained ankle. You should also try to avoid putting gravity on the ankle. If necessary, use crutches to distribute gravity and balance when walking.
You may consider using ankle bandages. The bandage will help to hold in place and reduce swelling while the ligament heals. Depending on the severity, you may need a 2-6 week dressing.
4. Apply ice to the ankle to reduce swelling and relieve pain
Wrap a handful of ice cubes, ice packs or frozen vegetable bags in a towel or a thin piece of cloth, then cover the injured ankle and leave it for 15 – 20 minutes.2-3 hours of treatment apply once there is still swelling.
Apply ice when you plan to see a doctor. Cold ice helps to limit inflammation, especially within the first 24 hours after being injured. In all cases, sprains and ice packs also help reduce swelling and bruising.
Another cold way is to pour ice into a bucket to soak your feet and ankles. Remove ice for at least 20-30 minutes between treatments. Excessive contact with ice can lead to cold burns. If you have diabetes or blood circulation problems, you should ask your doctor before applying ice.
5. Wrap the ankle bandage
Use compression tape, elastic bandage or elastic bandage to reduce swelling. Wrap the bandage around the ankles and feet and fix it with metal clips or medical bandages. Remember to keep the dressing dry by removing the dressing when applying ice and wrapping it after applying.
Wrap the elastic bandage from toe to half calf with equal pressure. Continue dressing until the ankle is less swollen. Loosen the bandage if your toes are cyanotic, feel cold or start to numb. You should not be too loose, but too tight. You can also use the slip tape. This type of bandage is usually beneficial because it creates uniform pressure and does not cut blood circulation to the feet.