An ankle sprain – or dislocated ankle – is a lesion in the ankle bone and this is the most common sprain. The most common mechanism of trauma is falling and flipping your foot in, causing external ankle dislocation.
Ankle sprains are usually mild and go away on their own after a few days. However, if not properly treated and maintained, ankle sprains are more likely to return, even if the injury is minor.
Ligaments are strong collagen fibers that attach and connect bones together. A sprain occurs when these ligaments are twisted and torn, usually due to the force exerted too much on the joint. The degree of injury from mild to severe will depend on the degree of damage to the ligament.
Common symptoms include:
– Loose joints;
– Unable to bear the weight in a sprained ankle;
– Skin discoloration;
You may experience other symptoms not mentioned. If you have any questions about signs of illness, consult your doctor.
When do you need to see a doctor?
Not only sprains, but there are other types of injuries that hurt the ankles. If you have any of the above signs or symptoms or have any questions, please consult your doctor. Each person’s background is different. So consult your doctor to choose the most appropriate option.
The cause to the ankle sprain
Your feet may unexpectedly stretch for many reasons, including:
– Mobility on rough surfaces;
– Falls and dislocated ankles;
– When playing sports, someone may step on your foot while running, causing the foot to twist to the side.
Sprains are a common type of injury at any age and are likely to occur when you are active. Please consult your doctor for more details.
What factors increase the risk of an ankle sprain?
Some factors that increase the risk of sprains include:
– Severe sprains in the past;
– Muscle weakness;
– Play sports that often require rotating legs such as cross-country running, basketball, tennis, rugby and soccer.
What medical techniques are used to diagnose ankle sprains?
The doctor will diagnose sprains through a physical examination of the foot and ankle. The doctor will move the ankle joint in many directions to check the amplitude of the movement of the joint. This examination will be painful and uncomfortable.
The doctor will then order imaging tests to make more accurate assessments of bone and soft tissues. Include:
– X-ray: provides images to help doctors better assess bone condition;
– MRI: If a doctor suspects a fracture, a serious ligament injury or an ankle joint surface injury, an MRI scan will be ordered;
– CT scan: a combination of X-ray images from many different angles by a computer to create cross-sectional images showing more details inside the body including bones and joints.