People with flat feet are very susceptible to osteoarthritis

If your feet are flat, do not form arches when standing on the floor, the risk of osteoarthritis is very high.

According to Dr. Paul D’Alfonso, Director of Maple Healthcare Chiropractic Center, the condition of flat feet in medicine is called flat feet, it means the inner cheek of the soles of the feet does not have a natural arch. In standing position, it comes in full contact with the floor. “Flat feet deflect the center of the whole body, adversely affecting the musculoskeletal system. If not adjusted, over time will lead to problems in the ankles, knees, hips and joints”, the doctor warned.

According to Dr. Paul, the condition of flat feet is common in newborns and toddlers, because the tissues hold and joints in the feet (also called tendons) are not rigid. Usually when children are 2-3 years old, these tissues start to harden and form arches for the feet.


Most people will have normal foot arches as they mature. However, there are also cases where the feet cannot form natural arches themselves. In addition, problems with age, injury, weight or disease can affect tendons, causing flat feet in people who already have arched arches. The condition of flat feet may only occur on one side or both.

In children, flat feet rarely cause serious problems,only in some cases, there may be sore feet, feet, and ankles. In adults, flatfeet can cause symptoms of pain, swelling of the feet and ankles, severe pain when operating, playing sports for a long time, walking is difficult,unbalanced.


Watching people with flat feet, you will see the soles of their feet in direct contact with the ground when standing. You can also test your feet by wetting your feet then standing on an imprinted surface. If you see the footprint of the entire foot from toe to heel, you may also have flat feet.

To correctly diagnose flat feet, you need to go to the specialized bone and joint centers to check. Here, the doctor asked the patient to stand with the tip of the toe, if the legs were flat but still had arched arches that proved to be flexible. This case does not require treatment. If the arch is not formed or sore, the patient will be assigned a CT, MRI or X-ray to accurately diagnose the foot and bone condition. From that, the doctor will advise on appropriate remedies.


Parents are advised by the doctor to pay attention to the child’s walking posture. If you see children from 3 years and older who walk, run and jump often apply the inner edge of the foot to the ground, they should be taken to the doctor. “Early detection of flat feet in children helps a lot in the treatment because at this time the bones and tendons are soft, easy to adjust. They just need to bring the medical orthopedic shoe soles to the arches and support the feet, gradually shaping and bringing the articulated axial system back into place”, said Dr. Paul.

Note: Shoe soles must be worn regularly so parents need to let their children measure and change shoe soles in accordance with their development. Keep wearing orthopedic soles until your foot structure achieves the desired shape according to your doctor’s advice.

After 12 years, tendons and joints become harder and harder to adjust, so orthopedic shoe soles are no longer highly effective. For adults, this type of sole only works to prevent osteoarthritis pain, while supporting a more balanced movement but not able to create arched arches, so it must be worn for life.

Dr. Paul recommends that children and adults with flatfeet should have their spine checked regularly to ensure this condition does not adversely affect the health of the spine. In severe pain, you can relieve pain by exercising, stretching, taking medicine, physical therapy, and finally surgery.

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